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Per Fidem Intrepidus means "Fearless Through Faith". My courage isn't my own, it comes from the Holy Spirit, it's my faith in God and my personal savior Christ Jesus that calms my fears and allows me to move forward in this fallen world. Personally I'm afraid of a lot of stuff, but having the faith that Jesus adopted me as his little, sin filled, brother keeps me going.

Thursday, September 6, 2018

The Trinity - Proven By Logic

There is a bit of a debate going on elsewhere in this blog regarding the doctrine of the Trinity. A reader, whom I assume based on his or her virulent anti-trinitarian stance is a worshiper of Joseph Smith, wants to know more about the "concept" of the Trinity. 

To begin with, a concept is an abstract idea, a general notion. To call the Trinity a concept not only demeans God but is calling 2000 years of study, prayer, and debate meaningless. The Trinity is a much more complex doctrine than simple questions such as "To whom did Jesus commend his spirit? Himself?" The answer is "Yes" and "No" at the same time.

Glenn Chatfield at The Watchman's Bagpipes did a great job explaining the Trinity using Logic:

 TheTrinity - Proven By Logic
There many cults who teach against the idea of a Triune God, often claiming the idea originated with the Nicene Creed. However, the Trinity is really mentioned often in the Bible, even though the term “Trinity” isn’t.

Several years ago I read a book (I don’t remember which one) in which a short logic exercise was used to demonstrate the truth of the Trinity. I thought it was such a good idea that I came up with my own logic exercise, which I am now posting here. 


This exercise in logic is to determine the truthfulness or falseness of the conclusions in the following five syllogisms. The approach to this exercise is to assume that the first premise in each syllogism is true. Sometimes scripture will be given as evidence to demonstrate the veracity of the first premise in each syllogism, regardless of the assumption given. The next step will be to use scripture to demonstrate whether or not the second premise of each syllogism is true. By the rules of logic, if the second premise is false, the conclusion must be false; but if the second premise is true, the conclusion must be true also. (The sixth item is only a hypothesis, and so does not need to be true to start with - it must be proven by scripture to be either true or false). The only reference source used is the Holy Bible, and I will just cite the verses and let you look them up.  Okay, here are my syllogisms. Are you ready to review the passages?

Syllogism Number 1
Premise: Personal attributes define a person. (assumed)
Premise: The Holy Spirit has personal attributes.
1. Personal pronoun assigned (he or I): John 16:8, 13; Acts 13:2; many others
2. Communicates: John 16: 8, 13, Acts 13:2: as above
3. Has learned: John 16:13
4. Consoles/comforts: John 16:17; Acts 9:31
5. Helps us in our weakness: Romans 8:26
6. Forbids: Acts 16:6,7
7. Can be lied to: Acts 5:3
8. Can be grieved: Ephesians 4:30
9. Can be insulted: Hebrews 10:29
10. Has a will: 1 Corinthians 12:11.
11. Bears witness: Romans 8:16
12. Makes intercession: Romans 8:26, 27
13. Has a mind: Romans 8:27
14. He lives in you. Romans 8:9
15. He teaches: John. 14:26; John. 16:13-14; 1 Corinthians 2:13
16. He loves. Romans 15:30
17. He is vexed. Isaiah 63:10
18. He hears. John. 16:13
19. He knows the future. Acts 21:11
20. He has knowledge: Isaiah 11:2; 1 Corinthians 2:10-11
21. He calls to service. Acts 13:4
Conclusion: The Holy Spirit is a person.

Syllogism Number 2
Premise: There is only one God.
1. Deuteronomy 6:4
2. Deuteronomy 32:39
3. Psalm 86:10
4. Isaiah 37:16, 20
5. Isaiah 43:10b-11
6. Isaiah 44:6, 8
7. Isaiah 45:5, 21,22
8. Isaiah 46:9
9. Jeremiah 10:10
10. Mark 12:29, 32
11. John 17:3
12. 1 Corinthians 8:6
13. Ephesians 4:6
14. 1 Timothy 2:5
15. James 2:19
Premise: There are three Persons called God.
1. The Father is called God.
a. Psalms 68:5
b. Malachi 2:10
c. Matthew 11:25
d. John 8:41
e. Romans 1:7
f. Romans 8: 15-17
g. Romans 15:6
h. 1 Corinthians 1:3
i. 1 Corinthians 8:6
j. Galatians 1:1-4
k. Gal 3:26: to be his children, he must be our father
l. Galatians 4:6
m. Philippians 4:20
n. 1 Thessalonians 1:1
o. 1 Thessalonians 3:11, 13
p. Titus 1:4
q. 1 Peter 1:2,3
r. 2 Peter 1:17
2. The Son is called God.
a. Isaiah 9:6
b. Matthew 1:23
c. Mark 2:5-7
d. John 1:1
e. John 8:56-59: compare with Exodus 3:14 where God says His name is I AM. vs. 59 demonstrates that the Jews knew what Jesus meant.

f. John 10:30-33
g. John 20:28-29
h. Romans 9:5.
i. Philippians 2:6-8
j. Colossians 2:9
k. Titus 2:13
l. Hebrews 1:8-10
m. Acts 2:30-32, 10:40 and 17:30-31, 1 Thessalonians 1:10, 1 Peter 1:21 say God raised Jesus from the dead vs. John 2:19-22 where Jesus said He would raise himself. This implies he is called God.

n. He receives worship, but men or angels can't. This implies he is God. Matthew 2:11, 8:2, 9:18, 14:33, 15:25, 28:9,17; Luke 24:52; John 9:38; Acts 10:25, 26; Philippians 2:10; Revelation 19:10, 22:8,9
3. The Holy Spirit is called God.
1. Acts 5:3,4: Peter said Ananias lied to the Holy Ghost, then said it was God he lied to.

2. II Corinthians 3. This chapter discusses the Spirit and his activities, and in verses 16, and 17 we find that the Lord (God) 'is that Spirit'.

3. Isaiah 6:8,9 God (Jehovah) is talking to Isaiah. In Acts 28:25, 26 Paul refers to that passage in Isaiah and says it was the Holy Spirit that was talking!

4. Exodus 17:2 Moses says that Israel is tempting God (Jehovah). In Hebrews 3:7-9 it says the Holy Spirit was the one being tempted.

5. Jeremiah 31:33 states God (Jehovah) is talking. Hebrews 10:15-17 refers to this passage and states the Holy Spirit is talking. The individual talking is making a covenant with Israel! Are two making the covenant?

6. 1 Corinthians 3:16 says we are the temple of God. 1 Corinthians 6:19 says we are the temple of the Holy Spirit. Temples are for gods.

7. 1 Peter 3:18 says the Holy Spirit raised Christ. Compare with above that says God raised Christ.
Conclusion: The three Persons - Father, Son, and Holy Spirit - are the one God.

Syllogism Number 3
Premise: There is no Savior except God.
1. Isaiah 43:11: I, even I, am the LORD; and beside me there is no savior
2. Hosea 13:4: I am the LORD thy God…there is no savior beside me
Premise: There are two persons called the Savior
a. God is called the Savior
1. 2 Samuel 22:47
2. 1 Chronicles 16:35
3. Psalms 18:46; 24:5; 25:5; 27:9; 38:22; 42:5; 42:11; 43:5; 65:5; 68:19; 79:9; 85:4; 89:26
4. Isiah 17:10; 43:3; 45:15; 45:21; 49:26; 60:16
5. Jeremiah 14:8
6. Micah 7:7
7. Habakkuk 3:18
8. Luke 1:47
9. 1 Timothy 1:1; 2:3;
10. Titus 1:3; 2:13; 3:4
11. Jude 1:25
b. Jesus is called the Savior.
1. Luke 2:11
2. John 4:42
3. Acts 5:31; 13:23
4. Ephesians 5:23
5. Philippians 3:20
6. 2 Timothy 1:10
7. Titus 1:4; 2:13; 3:6 (Titus calls both Jesus and God the Savior)
8. 2 Peter 1:1; 1:11; 2:20; 3:2; 3:18
9. 1 John 4:14
Conclusion: Jesus and God are the one Savior, i.e. Jesus is God.

Syllogism Number 4
Premise: There is only one creator. (assumed)
Premise: There are two persons called the creator.
a. God is called the Creator.
1. Genesis 1:1
2. Genesis 14:22
3. Job 38
4. Isaiah 37:16
5. Isaiah 44:24
6. Isaiah 45:18
7. Isaiah 48:13
8. Jeremiah 32:17
9. Acts 17:24
10. 1 Corinthians 8:6
11. Rev. 4:11
b. Jesus is called the Creator.
1. John 1:3, 10
2. 1 Corinthians 8:6
3. Colossians 1:16-17
Conclusion: Jesus and God are the one Creator, i.e., Jesus is God

Syllogism Number 5
Premise: There can be only one "First and Last". (If there were more, who would be the first "First" and who would be the last "Last"?)
Premise: There are two persons called "the First and the Last".
a. God is called "the First and the Last".
b. Jesus is called "the First and the Last".
Argument: Revelation 1:7 says the one who is coming is the one who is pierced (Jesus). Verse 8 says the one who is coming is the "Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending" and it quotes the "Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty" (the Lord Almighty is God). Are two coming? Verse 11 says the one speaking to John was "Alpha and Omega, the first and the last", and the conversation continues at verse 17 where the person talking to John says, "I am the first and the last; I am he that liveth, and was dead [who has to be Jesus]; and behold I am alive forevermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death." Chapter 2:8 again identifies the speaker as "the first and the last, which was dead, and is alive". Chapter 22:12, 13 again has this person calling himself "Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last", and verse 16 identifies this person as Jesus. Now, take this and compare it to information from Isaiah 43:10 and 48:12,13. In 43:10 God says, "Before me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me." This is sort of like saying "I am the first and the last". In 48:12,13 God actually says, "I am he; I am the first, I also am the last. Mine hand also hath laid the foundation of the earth..." So God is using the same identity that Jesus uses in Revelation, and further identifies himself as the one who "laid the foundation", i.e. made the creation. Do we then have two "Alpha and Omega" and two "first and last"?
Conclusion: Jesus and God are the one "First and Last", i.e., Jesus is God.

Hypothesis: God is a multiple personality.
Evidences:
1. Genesis 1:1. The Hebrew word for God here is Elohim. It is a plural word and is repeated 32 times in this chapter; each time it is followed by a singular verb. Why would Moses choose a plural word for God, especially with a singular verb, if that wasn't what Moses meant?

2. Genesis 1:26, 27. God says, “Let us make...in our image, after our likeness.” Then it says God (Elohim) created man in his own image,” singular. Who is this plurality?

3. Hebrew uses two words meaning “one.” Yachid means absolute mathematical oneness (an example is Gen 22:2 when God tells Abraham to take his “only son”). Echad means unity or united one. Echad is used in Genesis 1:5 with the evening and morning as one day, and in Gen 2:24 where a man and a woman become one flesh. In Deuteronomy 6:4 the word used to describe “one Lord” is Echad - united one. It is obvious the writer meant more than one person in God.

4. Matthew 28:19. The Greek word used for name (onoma) is singular, and there are definite articles (the) before Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, emphasizing distinct persons. The Father, Son and Holy Spirit all have one name.

5. Trinity is implied in Luke 1:35; Matthew 3:16, 17; 2 Corinthians13:14; John 14:26; and John 15:26.
Conclusion: God is indeed a multiple personality.

Well, there you have it. I believe it has been proven beyond a reasonable doubt that God is a Trinity.

4 comments:

  1. Oh, I've got plenty of articles on my blog addressing the Trinity. This research may or may not be useful:

    https://rationalchristiandiscernment.blogspot.com/2018/04/the-hebrew-roots-of-trinity.html

    ReplyDelete
  2. See also this article:

    https://rationalchristiandiscernment.blogspot.com/2018/04/daniel-713-14-explicit-affirmation-of.html

    ReplyDelete
  3. Evidences of the Holy Spirit being God:

    1.) He is present everywhere (Psalm 139:7-9).
    2.) He is all-knowing (1 Corinthians 2:10-11).
    3.) He is all-powerful (Romans 15:19).
    4.) He is eternal (Hebrews 9:14).
    5.) The Holy Spirit was involved in the process of creation (Job 33:4; Psalm 104:30).
    6.) The Holy Spirit is a source of life (John 6:63; 2 Corinthians 3:6).
    7.) The Holy Spirit inspires revelation (2 Peter 1:19-21).

    ReplyDelete