Per Fidem Intrepidus means "Fearless Through Faith". My courage isn't my own, it comes from the Holy Spirit, it's my faith in God and my personal savior Christ Jesus that calms my fears and allows me to move forward in this fallen world. Personally I'm afraid of a lot of stuff, but having the faith that Jesus adopted me as his little, sin filled, brother keeps me going.

Wednesday, May 20, 2015

Taking It One Yom At A Time

What is a Yom? Why is Yom splattered all over my scriptures? How do we determine what kind of Yom are we dealing with? When is a Yom not a Yom? And why is Yom a favorite weapon of creation deniers?

Yom is a Hebrew word, it's origin is an unused root word meaning "to be hot" as in the warmth of the daylight hours of the day. Biblical Hebrew has a limited vocabulary, containing fewer words as compared to most other languages. Contrast that with English which has the largest vocabulary. 

Because English has so many words, most words have one set meaning, words that have multiple meanings are often differentiated by spelling (such as which vs witch) which actually creates a homonym. However biblical Hebrew has so few words that many words often have more than one meaning and context would determine the meaning. 

Yom relates to the concept of time, and exactly what Yom means is determined by studying the context of its use with the other words around it using hermeneutics (Herman who?) Hermeneutics is the theory of text interpretation and can be used interchangeably with exegesis{Yeah, I threw this one in for Pastor Paratus too} and simply put it means to draw out the meaning of the text by studying the context of the text.

Depending on the context Yom can mean daytime, sunrise to sunset, a 24 hour day, sunset to sunset, a year, or a long span of time of either determined or undetermined length, Because Yom can mean all these different things, anti-creationists use Yom as a warclub to beat their unsubstantiated theories into our heads. But we have a defense! It's that Herman guy... Hermeneutics! 

Yom is used quite a few times in Genesis 1, and anti creationists like to point out that a Yom can mean a period of millions of years, and to be honest, it can. Yom appears 2,287 times in the KJV bible and at no time is it ever used to mean "millions of years". Here's some hermeneutical rules for determining what a Yom is:
  • Yom + an ordinal number (an ordinal number is words like "First", "Second", "Third"...) always indicate an ordinary day
  • Yom + the words 'evening' and 'morning' always indicate an ordinary day
  • Yom + the words 'eveningor 'morning' always indicate an ordinary day
  • Yom + the word 'night' always means an ordinary day
  • Yom not qualified with a number or the words evening and/or morning can mean numerous other things including "a period of time" or "every" or "chronicles" it's all determined by the context it's used in. (Remember that Herman guy?)

So there you have it, what a Yom is and is not, when it's a day and when it's not a day. Of the 2,287 times Yom is used in the KJV bible, it is used as an ordinary day 2,008 times. At no time in the bible is Yom used to denote millions of years. The closest you get is when it means "Continually" (always) such as in Genesis 6:5, Leviticus 24:8 and 1 Samuel 18:29, but none of those is speaking of a time frame.

So lets' look at creation in Genesis and see how Yom is used:
God called the light day, and the darkness He called night. And there was evening and there was morning, one day. (Genesis 1:5)
God called the expanse heaven. And there was evening and there was morning, a second day. (Genesis 1:8)
There was evening and there was morning, a third day. (Genesis 1:13)
There was evening and there was morning,, a fourth day.  (Genesis 1:19)
There was evening and there was morning, a fifth day. (Genesis 1:23)
God saw all that He had made, and behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morningthe sixth day (Genesis 1:31)
By the seventh day God completed His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done.(Genesis 2:2)
If you're sharp you noticed the color code I used showing each instance of ordinal number, 'evening' and 'morning' in each verse. You also may have noticed that Genesis 1:5 does not contain an ordinal number, it contains a cardinal number, which has its own set of rules but the outcome is the same. 

So there you have it - the bible is very clear when it says that all things were created in six days. There's no scriptural wiggle room, there's no biblical loopholes, no theological escape hatch. Either you believe God when He says that all of creation took 6 days, or you believe that this is not the word of God. 

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